# a posteriori model

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*English-Russian scientific dictionary.
2008.*

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**Maximum a posteriori estimation**— In Bayesian statistics, a maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) estimate is a mode of the posterior distribution. The MAP can be used to obtain a point estimate of an unobserved quantity on the basis of empirical data. It is closely related to… … Wikipedia**Mixture model**— See also: Mixture distribution In statistics, a mixture model is a probabilistic model for representing the presence of sub populations within an overall population, without requiring that an observed data set should identify the sub population… … Wikipedia**Constellation model**— The constellation model is a probabilistic, generative model for category level object recognition in computer vision. Like other part based models, the constellation model attempts to represent an object class by a set of N parts under mutual… … Wikipedia**Deductive-nomological model**— The deductive nomological model (or D N model) is a formalized[citation needed] view of scientific explanation in natural language. It characterizes scientific explanations primarily as deductive arguments with at least one natural law statement… … Wikipedia**Hypothetico-deductive model**— The hypothetico deductive model or method, first so named by William Whewell,[1][2] is a proposed description of scientific method. According to it, scientific inquiry proceeds by formulating a hypothesis in a form that could conceivably be… … Wikipedia**Noisy channel model**— The noisy channel model is a framework used in spell checkers, question answering, speech recognition, and machine translation. In this model, the goal is to find the intended word given a word where the letters have been scrambled in some manner … Wikipedia**Kalman filter**— Roles of the variables in the Kalman filter. (Larger image here) In statistics, the Kalman filter is a mathematical method named after Rudolf E. Kálmán. Its purpose is to use measurements observed over time, containing noise (random variations)… … Wikipedia**epistemology**— epistemological /i pis teuh meuh loj i keuhl/, adj. epistemologically, adv. epistemologist, n. /i pis teuh mol euh jee/, n. a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge. [1855 60; < Gk… … Universalium**Concept**— For other uses, see Concept (disambiguation). A concept (substantive term: conception) is a cognitive unit of meaning an abstract idea or a mental symbol sometimes defined as a unit of knowledge, built from other units which act as a concept s… … Wikipedia**Empiricism**— John Locke, a leading philosopher of British empiricism This article is about the field of philosophy. For the album by Borknagar, see Empiricism (album). Empiricism is a theory of knowledge that asserts that knowledge comes only or primarily via … Wikipedia**probability theory**— Math., Statistics. the theory of analyzing and making statements concerning the probability of the occurrence of uncertain events. Cf. probability (def. 4). [1830 40] * * * Branch of mathematics that deals with analysis of random events.… … Universalium